We have 15years+ expertise in novel materials and the phases of matter...from nanometer scale (0.000000001 meter) to the phases of solid, liquid, vapor, plasma....from magnetic materials to the high temperature superconducting materials.
what this means:
a1) We are researching nanomaterials for novel use in renewable fuels, i)biofuels from biowaste (plants and grasses and including oils) recycling materials, ii)Hydrogen fuel on-demand by nanocatalysts and currents+fields driving, iii)SolarThermal moldings paints and layers and coatings ..we recently have developed for SolarThermal materials (patents filed with USPTO and intrntl.) self-assembled SolarThermal materials that harvest the Sun's visible light spectrum, the infrared spectrum and the microwave spectrum these much of the Sun's irradiance that is allowed to pass through the Earth's protective atmosphere. The materials are composed of composites of Silicon, Carbon, and polymers that in specific geometries exploiting size dependence of electronic plasma oscillations and other optical, magnetic and electronic emergent quantum properties at the nanometer sizes and scales occur in matter... these properties are precisely controlled to lens and amplify and focus temperatures, photon (light) densities at precisely calculated amounts to create a flowing current...we take advabtage of prismatic diffuse scattering of normally incident light to capture most of the incident sunlight as opposed to letting it pass through...we focus the sunlight into orders of magnitude higher intensity by nanospheres of SiO2 (glass...) and nanolenses onto nanometer sized geometries of metallic phase conductors that are self assembled into nanowires , nanosheets and nanolayers in set coatings layers and molds. We take advantage of the metallic nanometer and micrometer sized property that microwaves are not reflected as they are in 'bulk' metal, however are absorbed heating the metal further and we accomplish the similar feat of diffuse scattering of normally incident microwaves and their 'lensing' by a combination of effective wavelength sized metallic reflectors in conjunction with dual dielectric field intensification by controlling self assembly and close packing intensifying density of microwaves at the nanometals... these innovations such as current driven self-assembly are inspired by self assembly solidification of electrorheological fluids, optimizing incident light capture by nanoparticle diffuse scattering solar cell optimization (an order or two of magnitude effect), and diffusion effective geometry assembly of metallic structures on the order of the incident microwaves (~1mm) by known bulk effects of metallic reflection of microwaves here utilizing diffusion assembled arrays. The overall effect is to optimize the a) thermionic emission of electrons, b) photon absorption and ionization/work function excesses resulting in higher current flows and an inexpensive and readily manufactured and applied SolarThermal paint, layer coating and molding. We are currently seeking to R&D this further beyond our in house produced and characterized samples for fine tuned control at our strategic partner CNM Argonne National Laboratories center for nanomaterials research pending our filed proposals for phaseII.
a2) We are researching high Tc transition temperature superconducting materials..we recently described high Tc as a nanometer scale multi-materials in contact and described by our NEGF nonequilibrium Green's functions quantum transport theory , this greatly perturbing the traditional Bardeen Cooper and Schrieffer theory of normal superconducting materials. We are able therefore to predict materials configurations that increase the temperature range nearing ever closer to room temperature...recently calculations show that our theory reproduces the Cv specific heat capacity profile of the high Tc superconductors. Next we are planning on calculations of differing materials, making material composites and layers predictions, and then following up with nanofabrication of our predicted materials. See our nanotech pages for papers and referenced journal articles.
b) We are researching the description of matter at the nanometer scale by nonextensive quantum mechanics...this recent (15years or so ago) theoretical description is able to describe simply the materials previously requiring DFT density functional theory of Kohne-Sham , and Hartree-Fock or GW and beyond many-particle physics theory...furthermore for many cases exact solutions are available! In the case of configurations of large numbers of atoms that assemble into a structure such as a protein, we overcome several difficulties in calculations by the simple description that obtains highly accurate F(T,q) free energy as a function of temperature and "q-parameter" of nonextensivityvarying both to minimize free energy effectively obtaining sharply clear global minimums. We are also seeking to apply the theory at semi-classical scales, and to biomolecular organic systems not just inorganic or solid state. Currently computer code is written for small molecules yet is readily scaleable and we anticipate a large structure calculations capable code by later part of 2013 which we plan to make freely available for academics.
c) We recently described emergent quantum properties of matter at the nanometer scale...these are optical, charge localization and plasma oscillations as a function of size, ferromagnetic and so on ordering in otherwise nonmagnetic in bulk materials, chemical surface activation, and so forth...we are furthering our computational and theory understanding, and as discussed in 'technology' are actively applying our knowledge to real world problems ranging from energy to environment to medicines.